Ninety percent of adolescents, 50% of women, and 25% of adults are affected by acne. Acne is usually caused by any or a combination of the following culprits: hormonal changes, extra sebum, bacteria, or inflammation. Under the skin, sebaceous glands which contain sebum (oil) become blocked and a buildup of oil underneath occurs. The oil stimulates bacteria – which live on everyone’s skin – to grow and cause the surrounding tissues to become inflamed. Treatment of acne should be started immediately upon encountering it to slow its spread and prevent secondary scarring.
Acne is formed on both males and females. They become most prominent during adolescent and can be found on the face, upper back, and chest. Oil glands on the skin produce sebum, which reaches the skin surface through the follicle. The sebum or oil causes cells on the follicular lining to shed and accumulate together, forming a plug on the hair follicle opening. Bacteria grows and causes additional inflammation, causing redness, swelling, and pus.
There are various treatments that can help in managing acne. These include lasers, light therapy, topical procedures, and more. An experienced acne Los Angeles specialist can assist you in treating acne. You can have additional questions regarding acne and treatments answered by calling the dermatology office of Dr. Pearl Grimes.