Atopic dermatitis or eczema is characterized by rashes that are due to a hypersensitivity reaction in the skin or other irritants such as soaps, temperature changes, detergents, and creams. The hypersensitive reaction causes the skin to become inflamed which leads to itching and scaling. Signs and symptoms of eczema include intense itching, skin redness, blisters, dryness, and skin pigmentation changes. Eczema usually occurs early in life, and can become a long-term condition if not treated properly. Approximately 1-2% of adults have eczema. Treatments include antihistamines, topical emollients, topical corticosteroid products, calcineurin inhibitors and phototherapy.
Once eczema is present, the skin can become itchy. Scratching can worsen the tiching and lead to inflamed skin or infections. A cool wet compress or soothing creams can be used to calm inflammation.
Other topical medications and products can also help relieve the skin from itching. For extreme or severe cases, you must consult with Dr. Pearl Grimes in Los Angeles for calcineurin inhibitors, antihistamaines, or phototherapy treatments.
If you have questions regarding treatment or management of eczema, please call our office to schedule a consultation.